In 2022, Brazil exported 78.7 million metric tons (mmt) of soybeans. Figure 1 shows Brazil’s expanding capacity for shipping exports through the country’s northern and southern ports.

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Figure 1 Brazil 2022 Soybean Exports; Source: Brazil Soybean Transportation, USDA-AMS.

Since 2014, agricultural exporters in Brazil’s Center-West have gained a major competitive boost, which involves port improvements, extended railway miles, and the completion of the pavement...