Wetland Mitigation

Since passage of the 1985 Farm Bill, Iowa farmers have been faced with some tight restrictions related to wetlands. The "Swampbuster" provisions of the Farm Bill require replacement of jurisdictional farmed wetlands that a farmer wants to drain or alter in an effort to improve the productivity of his land. To do this, farmers have two choices: mitigating on the farm or off the farm. Both options are generally not desirable from the farmers' perspective because productive land usually is taken out of production, or management requirements were prohibitive.

Wetland mitigation banking offers an attractive third option for the farmer and the environment. In this program, a bank sponsor restores a large wetland complex and is responsible for coordinating with the regulatory agencies, acquiring land, developing the site, managing the wetland and assuring its success. A farmer who desires to tile a jurisdictional farmed wetland can simply purchase a "credit" at the bank to satisfy mitigation requirements allowing him to perform his project legally.

The Iowa Farm Bureau is sponsoring Iowa's first agricultural wetland mitigation bank, working with the Iowa Department of Natural Resources as a partner and with significant technical assistance from the USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Download the application form: .PDF, .Doc
Download the brochure
View County maps of bank service area
View Mitigation bank service area


The wetland bank is down to its final 9 mitigated wetland credits.

Research/Commodity Contact

Rick Robinson
Environmental Policy Advisor